Kuyini Tinnitus

I-tinnitus umbono womsindo noma ukukhala ezindlebeni. Inkinga evamile, i-tinnitus ithinta abantu abangamaphesenti angama-15 kuya kwangu-20. I-Tinnitus ayisona isimo uqobo - kuyisibonakaliso sesimo esingaphansi, njengokulahleka kokuzwa okuhlobene nobudala, ukulimala kwezindlebe noma ukuphazamiseka kohlelo lokujikeleza kwegazi.

Yize kukhathaza, i-tinnitus ngokuvamile ayisona isibonakaliso sento ebucayi. Yize ingadlondlobala ngokuguga, kubantu abaningi, ama-tinnitus angathuthuka ngokwelashwa. Ukwelapha imbangela eyimbangela kwesinye isikhathi kuyasiza. Ezinye izindlela zokwelapha zinciphisa noma zifihle umsindo, okwenza ama-tinnitus angabonakali kangako.

Izimpawu

I-Tinnitus ifaka umuzwa wokuzwa komsindo uma kungekho msindo wangaphandle okhona. Izimpawu ze-Tinnitus zingafaka lezi zinhlobo zemisindo ye-phantom ezindlebeni zakho:

  • Ukukhala
  • Okuhlekisayo
  • Ubhongile
  • Ukuchofoza
  • I-Hissing
  • Humming

Umsindo we-phantom ungahluka ngokushintshana kusuka ekubhokisini okuphansi kuya ekuphakameni okukhulu, futhi ungezwa endlebeni eyodwa noma zombili. Kwezinye izimo, umsindo ungakhala kakhulu ungaphazamisa ikhono lakho lokugxilisa ingqondo noma lokuzwa umsindo wangaphandle. I-Tinnitus ingaba khona ngaso sonke isikhathi, noma ingahle ihambe.

Kunezinhlobo ezimbili ze-tinnitus.

  • I-tinnitus esetshenzisiwe yi-tinnitus kuphela ongayizwa. Lolu uhlobo olujwayelekile kakhulu lwe-tinnitus. Kungadalwa izinkinga zezindlebe endlebeni yakho yangaphandle, ephakathi noma yangaphakathi. Kungabuye kubangelwe yizinkinga ngemizwa yokuzwa (yamazwana) noma ingxenye yobuchopho bakho ehumusha amasiginali wezinzwa njengomsindo (izindlela zokuzwa).
  • I-tinnitus yenjongo yi-tinnitus udokotela wakho angayizwa lapho ihlolwa. Lolu hlobo lwe-tinnitus olungavamile lungabangelwa inkinga yenkinga yemithambo yegazi, isimo sethambo lendlebe eliphakathi nendawo noma izicubu zomzimba.

Ngesikhathi sokubona udokotela

Uma une-tinnitus ekuhluphayo, bona udokotela wakho.

Yenza isikhathi sokubonana nodokotela wakho uma:

  • Uhlakulela i-tinnitus ngemuva kokutheleleka okuphezulu kokuphefumula, okufana nomkhuhlane, futhi i-tinnitus yakho ayithuthuki kungakapheli isonto

Bona udokotela wakho ngokushesha okukhulu uma:

  • Une-tinnitus eyenzeka kungazelelwe noma ngaphandle kwesizathu esibonakalayo
  • Unokulahleka kokuzwa noma isiyezi nge-tinnitus

Izimbangela

Izimo eziningana zempilo zingadala noma zibhebhethekise i-tinnitus. Ezimweni eziningi, imbangela eqondile ayitholakali.

Isizathu esivamile se-tinnitus ukulimala kwamangqamuzana endlebe ngaphakathi Izinwele ezincane, ezibucayi endlebeni yakho yangaphakathi ziyahamba maqondana nengcindezi yamagagasi omsindo. Lokhu kudala amaseli ukuthi akhiphe isignali kagesi ngenzwa evela endlebeni yakho (imizwa yokuzwa) iye ebuchosheni bakho. Ingqondo yakho ihumusha lezi zimpawu njengomsindo. Uma izinwele ezingaphakathi kwendlebe yakho yangaphakathi zigobile noma zaphukile, zingakwazi "ukuvuza" imizwa kagesi engahleliwe ebuchosheni bakho, kubangele i-tinnitus.

Ezinye izimbangela ze-tinnitus zifaka ezinye izinkinga zezindlebe, izimo zempilo ezingapheli, kanye nokulimala noma izimo ezithinta izinzwa ezisezindlebeni zakho noma esikhungweni sokuzwa kwengqondo yakho.

Izimbangela ezivamile ze-tinnitus

Kubantu abaningi, i-tinnitus ibangelwa esinye salezi zimo:

  • Ukulahleka kokuzwa okuhlobene nobudala. Kubantu abaningi, ukuzwa okuya ngokuya kukhula ngeminyaka, imvamisa kuqala eminyakeni yobudala engama-60. Ukulahleka kokuzwa kungadala i-tinnitus Igama lezokwelapha lalolu hlobo lokulahleka kwezindlebe lithi presbycusis.
  • Ukuvezwa ngumsindo omkhulu. Imisindo eminingi, njengaleyo evela kumishini esindayo, amasoseji wesibhamu kanye nezibhamu, yimithombo evamile yokulahleka kwezindlebe okuhlobene nomsindo. Amadivaysi omculo aphathekayo, njengezidlali zeMP3 noma ama-iPod, nawo angadala ukulahleka kokuzwa okuhlobene nomsindo uma kudlalwa kakhulu isikhathi eside. I-Tinnitus ebangelwa ukuvezwa kwesikhashana, njengokuya ekhonsathini enomsindo, imvama ihamba; kokubili ukuvezwa kwesikhashana kanye nesikhathi eside komsindo omkhulu kungadala ukulimala okungapheli.
  • Ukuqhuma kwe-Earwax. I-Earwax ivikela umsele wendlebe yakho ngokulandela udoti futhi inciphise ukukhula kwamagciwane. Lapho i-earwax eningi ihlangana, kuba nzima kakhulu ukuyigeza ngokwemvelo, kudale ukulahleka kokuzwa noma ukucasuka kwe-eardrum, okungaholela ku-tinnitus.
  • Ukushintsha kwamathambo endlebe. Ukuqina kwamathambo endlebeni yakho ephakathi (i-otossteosis) kungathinta ukuzwa kwakho futhi kubangele i-tinnitus. Lesi simo, esibangelwa ukukhula okungajwayelekile kwamathambo, sivame ukugijima emindenini.

Ezinye izimbangela ze-tinnitus

Ezinye izimbangela ze-tinnitus azijwayelekile, kufaka phakathi:

  • Isifo sikaMeniere. I-tinnitus ingaba yinkomba yokuqala yesifo sikaMeniere, isifo sangaphakathi sezindlebe esingabangelwa ingcindezi engavamile yangaphakathi kwezindlebe.
  • Ukuphazamiseka kwe-TMJ. Izinkinga ngokuhlangana kwe-temporomandibular, ukuhlangana ohlangothini ngalunye lwekhanda lakho phambi kwezindlebe zakho, lapho umhlathi wakho ophansi uhlangana khona nogebhezi lwakho, kungadala i-tinnitus.
  • Ukulimala ekhanda noma ukulimala kwentamo. Ukulimala kwekhanda noma kwentamo kungathinta indlebe yangaphakathi, izinzwa zokuzwa noma umsebenzi wobuchopho oxhumene nokuzwa. Ukulimala okunjalo kuvame ukudala i-tinnitus endlebeni eyodwa kuphela.
  • I-Acoustic neuroma. Lesi simila esinga-khambi (i-benign) sikhula kwi-craneal nerve egijimela ebuchosheni bakho iye endlebeni yakho yangaphakathi bese ilawula ukulinganisela nokuzwa. Ebizwa nangokuthi i-vestibular schwannoma, lesi simo ngokuvamile sibangela i-tinnitus endlebeni eyodwa kuphela.
  • Ukuchitheka kweshubhu kwe-Eustachian. Kulesi simo, ithubhu endlebeni yakho elixhumanisa indlebe ephakathi nomphimbo wakho ongenhla lihlala linwebekile ngaso sonke isikhathi, okungenza indlebe yakho izizwe igcwele. Ukulahlekelwa kwenani elikhulu lesisindo, ukukhulelwa nokwelashwa ngemisebe kwesinye isikhathi kungadala lolu hlobo lokungasebenzi kahle.
  • Imisipha imisipha endlebeni engaphakathi. Imisipha endlebeni yangaphakathi ingakhathaza (i-spasm), okungaholela ku-tinnitus, ukulahleka kokuzwa kanye nomuzwa wokugcwala endlebeni. Lokhu kwesinye isikhathi kwenzeka ngaphandle kwesizathu esichazayo, kodwa futhi kungabangelwa izifo ze-neurologic, kubandakanya i-multiple sclerosis.

Ukuphazamiseka kwemithambo yegazi okuhlangene ne-tinnitus

Ezimweni ezingavamile, i-tinnitus ibangelwa ukuphazamiseka kwemithambo yegazi. Lolu hlobo lwe-tinnitus lubizwa nge- pulsatile tinnitus. Izimbangela zifaka:

  • I-aestrosclerosis. Ngobudala nokwakhiwa kwe-cholesterol namanye ama-deposits, imithambo yegazi emikhulu eseduze kwendlebe yakho ephakathi nengaphakathi ilahlekelwa okunye kokuqina kwayo - amandla okushintsha noma ukwandisa kancane ngokushaya kwenhliziyo ngakunye. Lokho kudala ukuhamba kwegazi kube namandla, okwenza kube lula endlebeni yakho ukubona amabheshu. Ngokuvamile ungaluzwa lolu hlobo lwe-tinnitus ezindlebeni zombili.
  • Izinhlungu zekhanda nentamo. Isimila esicindezela emithanjeni yegazi ekhanda noma entanyeni yakho (i-vascular neoplasm) singadala i-tinnitus nezinye izimpawu.
  • Umfutho wegazi ophezulu. Umfutho wegazi ophakeme kanye nezici ezandisa umfutho wegazi, njengokucindezela, utshwala ne-caffeine, kungenza i-tinnitus ibonakale kakhulu.
  • Ukugeleza kwegazi okuyisiphithiphithi. Ukunciphisa noma ukukhahlela emthanjeni wethambo (umthambo we-carotid artery) noma umthambo entanyeni yakho (umthambo wejugular) kungadala isiyaluyalu, ukuhamba kwegazi okungajwayelekile, okuholela ku-tinnitus.
  • Ukuguqulwa kwama-capillaries. Isimo esibizwa nge-arteriovenous malfform (AVM), ukuxhumana okungahambi kahle phakathi kwamathambo nemithambo, kungaholela ku-tinnitus. Lolu hlobo lwe-tinnitus ngokuvamile lwenzeka endlebeni eyodwa kuphela.

Imithi engadala i-tinnitus

Imithi eminingana ingadala noma ibhebhethekise i-tinnitus. Ngokuvamile, lapho umthamo omkhulu wale mishanguzo uthola i-tinnitus emibi kakhulu. Imvamisa umsindo ongafuneki uyanyamalala lapho uyeka ukusebenzisa le mishanguzo. Imithi eyaziwa ukudala imbangela noma i-tinnitus ebi kakhulu ifaka:

  • Ama-antibiotic, kufaka phakathi i-polymyxin B, i-erythromycin, i-vancomycin (i-Vancocin HCL, i-Firvanq) ne neomycin
  • Imithi yomdlavuza, kufaka phakathi i-methotrexate (Trexall) ne-cisplatin
  • Amaphilisi wamanzi (i-diuretics), njenge-bumetanide (Bumex), ethacrynic acid (Edecrin) noma furosemide (Lasix)
  • Imithi ye-Quinine isetshenziselwa umalaleveva noma ezinye izimo zempilo
  • Izithasazi ezithile zokulwa nezifo, okungase kube kubi kakhulu kwe-tinnitus
  • aspirin kuthathwe ngemithamo ephezulu engajwayelekile (imvamisa i-12 noma ngaphezulu ngosuku)

Ngaphezu kwalokho, ezinye izithasiselo zamakhambi zingadala i-tinnitus, kanye ne-nicotine ne-caffeine.

Izici zengozi

Noma ngubani angaba ne-tinnitus, kepha lezi zinto zingandisa ubungozi bakho:

  • Ukuvezwa komsindo omkhulu. Ukuchayeka isikhathi eside ngomsindo omkhulu kungalimaza amaseli wezinwele amancane asendlebeni yakho adlulisela umsindo ebuchosheni bakho. Abantu abasebenza ezindaweni ezinomsindo - njengabasebenza efektri nabezokwakha, abaculi namasosha - basengozini ikakhulukazi.
  • Ubudala. Njengoba ukhula, inani lemicu yezinzwa ezisebenzayo ezindlebeni zakho liyancipha, mhlawumbe kubangele izinkinga zokuzwa ezihlotshaniswa ne-tinnitus.
  • Ubulili. Amadoda maningi amathuba okuba ne-tinnitus.
  • Ukubhema. Ababhemayo basengozini ephezulu yokuthuthukisa i-tinnitus.
  • Izinkinga zenhliziyo. Izimo ezithinta ukuhamba kwakho kwegazi, njengomfutho wegazi ophakeme noma imithambo emincane (atherossteosis), zingandisa ingozi yakho ye-tinnitus.

Izinkinga

I-Tinnitus ingathinta kakhulu ikhwalithi yempilo. Noma zithinta abantu ngendlela ehlukile, uma une-tinnitus, ungahle futhi uhlangabezane:

  • Ukukhathala
  • Ukucindezeleka
  • Izinkinga zokulala
  • Inkinga igxila
  • Izinkinga zememori
  • Ukucindezeleka
  • Ukukhathazeka nokungabekezeleleki

Ukwelapha lezi zimo ezixhunyiwe kungenzeka kungathinti ngqo i-tinnitus, kepha kungakusiza uzizwe ungcono.

Prevention

Ezimweni eziningi, i-tinnitus ingumphumela wento engenakuvinjelwa. Kodwa-ke, ezinye izindlela zokuqapha zingasiza ekuvikeleni izinhlobo ezithile zama-tinnitus.

  • Sebenzisa ukuvikela kwezindlebe. Ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, ukuvezwa komsindo omkhulu kungalimaza izinzwa ezindlebeni, kudale ukulahleka kwezindlebe ne-tinnitus. Uma usebenzisa ama-chain saw, ungumculi, usebenza embonini esebenzisa imishini enkulu noma usebenzisa izibhamu (ikakhulukazi izibhamu noma izibhamu), uhlale evikela ukuvikela izindlebe.
  • Yehlisa ivolumu. Ukuchayeka isikhathi eside kumculo owandisiwe ngaphandle kokuvikelwa izindlebe noma ukulalela umculo ngevolumu ephezulu kakhulu ngokusebenzisa amahedfoni kungenza ukulahleka kwezindlebe kanye ne-tinnitus.
  • Nakekela impilo yakho nenhliziyo. Ukuzivocavoca njalo, ukudla ngakwesokudla futhi uthathe ezinye izinyathelo zokugcina imithambo yegazi yakho iphilile kungasiza ukuvikela i-tinnitus exhunywe nokuphazamiseka kwemithambo yegazi.

Sifo

Udokotela wakho uzohlola izindlebe zakho, ikhanda nentamo ukubheka izimbangela ze-tinnitus. Ukuhlolwa kufaka:

  • Ukuhlolwa (kwezokuzwela) ukuhlolwa. Njengengxenye yesivivinyo, uzohlala egumbini elingenawo umsindo ofake ama-earphone okuzodlalwa kuwo imisindo ethile endlebeni eyodwa ngasikhathi. Uzokhombisa ukuthi uwuzwa nini umsindo, futhi imiphumela yakho iqhathaniswa nemiphumela ethathwa njengejwayelekile kubudala bakho. Lokhu kungasiza ukukhipha noma ukukhomba izimbangela ezingaba khona ze-tinnitus.
  • Ukunyakaza. Udokotela wakho angakucela ukuthi uguqule amehlo akho, unamathisele imihlathi yakho, noma unyakaze intamo yakho, izingalo nemilenze. Uma i-tinnitus yakho ishintsha noma iba yimbi, kungasiza ukubona isifo esikhona esidinga ukwelashwa.
  • Ukuhlola ukuhlolwa. Ngokuya ngembangela yokusolwa kwe-tinnitus yakho, ungadinga ukuhlolwa kokucabanga okunjenge-CT noma i-MRI scans.

Imisindo oyizwayo ingasiza udokotela wakho ukubona imbangela imbangela yalokho.

  • Ukuchofoza. Ukuhlangana kwemisipha ngaphakathi naseceleni kwendlebe yakho kungadala imisindo yokuchofoza ebukhali oyizwa iqhuma. Zingahlala kusuka kumasekhondi ambalwa ukuya emaminithini ambalwa.
  • Ukugijimisa noma ukuthambisa. Lokhu kuguquguquka kwemisindo kuvame ukuvela kumisipha, futhi ungakubona lapho usebenzisa noma ushintsha izikhundla, njengalapho ulala phansi noma usukuma.
  • Ukushaya kwenhliziyo. Izinkinga zomthambo wegazi, njengomfutho wegazi ophakeme, i-aneurysm noma isimila, nokuqhekeka komsele wendlebe noma ishubhu le-eustachian kungakhulisa umsindo wokushaya kwenhliziyo yakho ezindlebeni zakho (pulsatile tinnitus).
  • Ukukhala okuphansi okuphansi. Izimo ezingadala ukukhala okuphansi endlebeni eyodwa zifaka isifo sikaMeniere. I-tinnitus ingaba namandla kakhulu ngaphambi kokuhlaselwa kwe-vertigo - umuzwa wokuthi wena noma indawo okuyo uyajikeleza noma uyahamba.
  • Ukukhala okuphezulu. Ukuvezwa ngomsindo omkhulu kakhulu noma ukushaya endlebeni kungadala ukukhala okuphakeme noma ukubhuza okuvame ukuphela emva kwamahora ambalwa. Kodwa-ke, uma kukhona ukulahleka kokuzwa, i-tinnitus ingahlala unomphela. Ukuvezwa komsindo wesikhathi eside, ukulahleka kokuzwa okuhlobene nobudala noma imishanguzo kungadala ukukhala okuqhubekayo, okuphakeme kuzo zombili izindlebe. I-acoustic neuroma ingadala ukukhala okuqhubekayo, okuphakeme phezulu endlebeni eyodwa.
  • Eminye imisindo. Amathambo endlebe aqine angaphakathi (i-otossteosis) angadala i-tinnitus ephansi kakhulu engahle iqhubeke noma ivele ihambe. I-Earwax, imizimba yangaphandle noma izinwele ezisebeni lomsele zingathinta i-eardrum, zidale imisindo ehlukahlukene.

Ezimweni eziningi, imbangela ye-tinnitus ayitholakali. Udokotela wakho angaxoxa nawe ngezinyathelo ongazithatha ukunciphisa ubukhulu be-tinnitus yakho noma ukukusiza ukubhekana kangcono nomsindo.

Ukwelashwa

Ukwelapha isimo esingaphansi kwempilo

Ukwelapha i-tinnitus yakho, udokotela wakho uzoqala azame ukuthola ukuthi yisiphi isimo esiyisisekelo, eselaphekayo esingase sihlotshaniswe nezimpawu zakho. Uma i-tinnitus ingenxa yesimo sempilo, udokotela wakho angakwazi ukuthatha izinyathelo ezinganciphisa umsindo. Izibonelo zifaka:

  • Ukususwa kwe-Earwax. Ukususa i-earwax ethintekile kunganciphisa izimpawu ze-tinnitus.
  • Ukwelapha isimo semithambo yegazi. Izimo ezingezansi ze-vascular zingadinga umuthi, ukuhlinzwa noma okunye ukwelashwa ukulungisa inkinga.
  • Ukushintsha umuthi wakho. Uma umuthi owuthathayo ubonakala uyimbangela ye-tinnitus, udokotela wakho angancoma ukumisa noma ukunciphisa isidakamizwa, noma ukushintshela emithini ehlukile.

Ukucindezela komsindo

Kwezinye izimo umsindo omhlophe ungasiza ukucindezela umsindo ukuze ungakhathazi kangako. Udokotela wakho angase asikisele ukusebenzisa umshini wobuchwepheshe ukucindezela umsindo. Amadivayisi afaka:

  • Imishini emhlophe yomsindo. Lawa madivayisi, akhiqiza imisindo eyenziwe ngemvelo efana nemvula ewa noma amagagasi olwandle, ngokuvamile ayindlela ephumelelayo yokwelapha i-tinnitus. Ungafuna ukuzama umshini womsindo omhlophe onezipikha zomcamelo ukukusiza ulale. Abalandeli, abacibilikisi, abahumushi kanye nezimo zomoya egumbini lokulala nazo zingasiza ukumboza umsindo wangaphakathi ebusuku.
  • Izinsizakuzwa. Lokhu kungasiza ikakhulukazi uma unezinkinga zokuzwa kanye ne-tinnitus.
  • Amathuluzi woku Masking. Iza endlebeni futhi ifana nezinsizakuzwa, la madivaysi akhiqiza umsindo oqhubekayo, ophansi futhi ophansi ocindezela izimpawu ze-tinnitus.
  • Ukuqeqeshwa kabusha kwe-tinnitus. Idivaysi egqokekayo ihambisa umculo wethoni ohlelwe ukufezekisa imvamisa ethile ye-tinnitus oyitholayo. Ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, le ndlela ingakujwayela i-tinnitus, ngaleyo ndlela ikusize ungagxili kuyo. Ukwelulekwa kuvame ukuba yingxenye ye-tinnitus retraining.

Imithi

Izidakamizwa azikwazi ukwelapha i-tinnitus, kepha kwezinye izimo zingasiza ekunciphiseni ubunzima bezimpawu noma izinkinga. Imithi engaba khona ifaka okulandelayo:

  • Ama-anticepressants e-Tricyclic, afana ne-amitriptyline ne-nortriptyline, isetshenziswe ngempumelelo ethile. Kodwa-ke, le mithi ngokuvamile isetshenziselwa i-tinnitus enzima kuphela, ngoba ingadala imiphumela emibi enzima, kufaka phakathi umlomo owomile, umbono ofiphele, ukuqunjelwa nezinkinga zenhliziyo.
  • I-Alprazolam (Xanax) kungasiza ekunciphiseni izimpawu ze-tinnitus, kepha imiphumela emibi ingafaka ukugoqa kanye ne-nausea. Kungabuye kwakhiwe ukwakheka.

Indlela yokuphila kanye namakhambi asekhaya

Imvamisa, ama-tinnitus awakwazi ukwelashwa. Abanye abantu, noma kunjalo, bayayijwayela futhi bayibone ingaphansi kunalokho abakwenzile ekuqaleni. Kubantu abaningi, ukulungiswa okuthile kwenza izimpawu zingakhathazi kangako. Lezi zeluleko zingasiza:

  • Gwema okucasulayo okungenzeka. Yehlisa ukuboniswa kwakho ezintweni ezingenza i-tinnitus yakho ibe yimbi kakhulu. Izibonelo ezejwayelekile zifaka umsindo omkhulu, i-caffeine ne-nicotine.
  • Mboza umsindo. Esimweni esithuleyo, umlandeli, umculo othambile noma umsakazo ophansi wethrafikhi ungasiza ukuvala umsindo ku-tinnitus.
  • Phatha ukucindezeleka. Ukucindezela kungenza i-tinnitus ibe yimbi kakhulu. Ukuphathwa kwengcindezi, kungaba ngonyango lokuphumula, i-biofeedback noma ukuzivocavoca, kungakunikeza impumuzo ethile.
  • Yehlisa ukuphuza kwakho utshwala. Utshwala bandisa amandla egazi lakho ngokufaka imithambo yegazi yakho, okwenza ukuhamba kwegazi elikhudlwana, ikakhulukazi endaweni yendlebe engaphakathi.

Imithi yokwelapha

Kunobufakazi obuncane bokuthi ezinye izindlela zokwelashwa zisebenza ngamatinnitus. Kodwa-ke, ezinye izindlela zokwelashwa eziye zazama i-tinnitus zifaka:

  • I-acupuncture
  • Hypnosis
  • Ginkgo biloba
  • I-Melatonin
  • Izithasiselo ze-Zinc
  • Amavithamini B

I-Neuromodulation isebenzisa i-transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) iyindlela engenabuhlungu, futhi engeyona eyokuvikeleka eye yaphumelela ekwehliseni izimpawu ze-tinnitus kwabanye abantu. Njengamanje, i-TMS isetshenziswa kakhulu eYurophu nakwezinye izivivinyo e-US Kusamele kunqunywe ukuthi yiziphi iziguli ezingazuza ekwelashweni okunjalo.

Ukukopisha nokusekelwa

I-Tinnitus ayihlali ithuthuka noma ihamba ngokuphelele ngokwelashwa. Nayi eminye imibono engakusiza ubhekane nalokhu:

  • Ukwelulekwa. Udokotela onelayisense noma udokotela wengqondo angakusiza ufunde amasu okubekezelela ukwenza izimpawu ze-tinnitus zingakhathazeki kangako. Ukwelulekwa kungasiza nezinye izinkinga ezivame ukuhlotshaniswa ne-tinnitus, kubandakanya ukukhathazeka nokudangala.
  • Amaqembu okusekela. Ukwabelana ngolwazi lwakho nabanye abane-tinnitus kungasiza. Kunamaqembu ama-tinnitus ahlangana mathupha, kanye nezinkundla ze-intanethi. Ukuqinisekisa ukuthi ulwazi oluthola eqenjini luyiqiniso, kungcono ukhethe iqembu elenzelwa udokotela, udokotela wezwi noma omunye uchwepheshe wezempilo ofanelekile.
  • Imfundo. Ukufunda okuningi ngangokunokwenzeka mayelana ne-tinnitus nezindlela zokunciphisa izimpawu kungasiza. Futhi ukuqonda i-tinnitus kangcono kwenza kungabi nzima kwabanye abantu.

Ilungiselela ukuqokwa kwakho

Zilungiselele ukutshela udokotela wakho ngalokhu:

  • Izimpawu zakho nezimpawu
  • Umlando wakho wezokwelapha, kufaka phakathi noma yiziphi ezinye izimo zezempilo onazo, njengokulahleka kwezindlebe, umfutho wegazi ophakeme noma imithambo yegazi evalekile (atherossteosis)
  • Yonke imishanguzo oyisebenzisayo, kufaka phakathi amakhambi

Ongakulindela kudokotela wakho

Udokotela wakho kungenzeka akubuze imibuzo eminingi, kufaka phakathi:

  • Uqale nini ukuba nezimpawu?
  • Umsindo owuzwayo uzwakala kanjani?
  • Ngabe uyizwa endlebeni eyodwa noma zombili?
  • Ngabe umsindo owuzwayo ubelokhu uqhubeka njalo, noma uyeza futhi uhambe?
  • Ungakanani umsindo?
  • Umsindo ukukhathaza kangakanani?
  • Yini, uma kukhona, ebonakala ithuthukisa izimpawu zakho?
  • Yini, uma kukhona, ebonakala ibhebhethekisa izimpawu zakho?
  • Wake wavezwa imisindo enkulu?
  • Wake waba nesifo sendlebe noma ukulimala kwekhanda?

Ngemuva kokuthi utholakale une-tinnitus, ungadinga ukubona udokotela wendlebe, impumulo nomphimbo (otolaryngologist). Ungadinga futhi ukusebenza nesazi sokuzwa (i-audiologist).