Kuyini ukulahleka kokuzwa

Ukulahleka kokuzwa ukungakwazi ukuzwa okuyingxenye noma okuphelele. Ukulahleka kokuzwa kungaba khona lapho kuzalwa noma kutholwa nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ngemuva kwalokho. Ukulahlekelwa kokuzwa kungenzeka endlebeni eyodwa noma zombili. Ezinganeni, izinkinga zokuzwa zingathinta ikhono lokufunda ulimi olukhulunywayo futhi kubantu abadala kungadala ubunzima ngokuxhumana nomphakathi nasemsebenzini.Ukuzwa ukulahlekelwa kungaba okwesikhashana noma unomphela. Ukulahleka kokuzwa okuhlobene nobudala kuvame ukuthinta zombili izindlebe futhi kungenxa yokulahleka kweseli kwezinwele. Kwabanye abantu, ikakhulukazi abantu asebekhulile, ukungezwa ezindlebeni kungaholela ekubeni nesizungu. Abantu abayizithulu bavame ukungezwa.

Ukulahlekelwa ukuzwa kungadalwa yizinto eziningi, kufaka phakathi: ufuzo, ukuguga, ukuvezwa ngomsindo, ezinye izifo, izinkinga zokuzalwa, ukuhlukumezeka endlebeni, nemithi ethile noma ubuthi. Isimo esivamile esiholela ekulahlekelweni kokuzwa ukutheleleka okungapheli kwezindlebe. Ukutheleleka okuthile ngesikhathi sokukhulelwa, njenge-cytomegalovirus, i-syphilis ne-rubella, nakho kungadala ukulahleka kwezindlebe enganeni. Ama-decibel angama-25 okungenani endlebeni eyodwa. Ukuhlolwa kokuzwa okungekuhle kuyanconywa kuzo zonke izingane ezisanda kuzalwa. noma okujulile (okukhulu kune-25 dB). Kunezinhlobo ezintathu eziyinhloko zokulahlekelwa kwezindlebe: ukulahleka kokuzwa okusebenzayo, ukulahleka kokuzwa kwezinzwa, nokulahleka kokuzwa okuxubile.

Cishe isigamu sokulahlekelwa kokuzwa emhlabeni wonke singavikeleka ngezindlela zezempilo zomphakathi. Imikhuba enjalo ifaka ukugonywa, ukunakekelwa okufanele ngesikhathi sokukhulelwa, ukugwema umsindo omkhulu, nokugwema imithi ethile. I-World Health Organisation incoma ukuthi abantu abasha banciphise ukukhishwa imisindo ephakeme kanye nokusetshenziswa kwezidlali zomsindo kuze kuphele ihora ngosuku ukuzama ukunciphisa ukuvezwa komsindo. Ukukhonjwa nokwesekelwa kusenesikhathi kubaluleke kakhulu ezinganeni.Ngokuba izinsiza eziningi zokuzwa, ulimi lwezandla, ukufakelwa kokubumbana kanye nemibhalo engezansi kuyasiza. Ukufundwa kwezindebe kungenye ikhono eliwusizo abanye abathuthukisayo. Ukufinyelela ezinsizeni zokuzwa, nokho, kulinganiselwe ezindaweni eziningi zomhlaba.

Kusukela ngo-2013 ukulahleka kokuzwa kuthinta cishe abantu abayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyi-1.1 ngezinga elithile. Kubanga ukukhubazeka kubantu ababalelwa ezigidini ezingama-466 (ama-5% omphakathi womhlaba wonke), futhi kube nokukhubazeka okulingene kuya kokubi kakhulu kubantu abayizigidi eziyi-124. Kulabo abanokukhubazeka okulingene kuya kokulingene abayizigidi eziyi-108 bahlala emazweni anemali ephansi naphakathi. Kulabo abanokulahlekelwa ukuzwa, kwaqala ebuntwaneni ngezigidi ezingama-65. Labo abasebenzisa ulimi lwezandla futhi abangamalungu esiko lezithulu bazibona benomehluko kunokuba babe nokugula. Iningi lamalungu esiko lezithulu liyayiphikisa imizamo yokwelapha isithulu kanti abanye kulo mphakathi babheka okokufaka ama-cochlear ngokukhathazeka njengoba bekwazi ukuqeda isiko labo. Igama elithi ukukhubazeka kokuzwa livame ukubhekwa kabi njengoba ligcizelela lokho abantu abangakwazi ukukwenza.

Kuyini Ukulahleka Kokuzwa Kwezinzwa

Indlebe yakho yakhiwe izingxenye ezintathu — ingaphandle, maphakathi nendlebe engaphakathi. Ukulahleka kokuzwa kwe-Sensorineural, noma i-SNHL, kwenzeka ngemuva kokulimala kwangaphakathi kwendlebe. Izinkinga zezindlela zemizwa ezisuka endlebeni yakho yangaphakathi ziye ebuchosheni bakho nazo zingadala iSNHL. Imisindo ephansi ingaba nzima ukuyizwa. Ngisho nemisindo ephakeme ingase ingacaci noma ingazwakala ifiphele.

Lolu uhlobo olujwayelekile kakhulu lokulahleka kwezindlebe okuhlala njalo. Esikhathini esiningi, umuthi noma ukuhlinzwa akukwazi ukulungisa i-SNHL. Izinsizakuzwa zingakusiza ukuthi uzwe.

Izimbangela Zokulahleka Kokuzwa Kwezinzwa

Lolu hlobo lokulahlekelwa izindlebe lungabangelwa izinto ezilandelayo:

  • Izifo.
  • Izidakamizwa ezinobuthi ukuzwa.
  • Ukuzwa ukulahleka okugijima emndenini.
  • Ukuguga.
  • Ukushaywa ekhanda.
  • Inkinga ngendlela izindlebe zangaphakathi ezakheka ngayo.
  • Ukulalela imisindo enkulu noma ukuqhuma.

Kuyini Ukulahlekelwa Kokuzwa Kwezici

Indlebe yakho yakhiwe izingxenye ezintathu — ingaphandle, maphakathi nendlebe engaphakathi. Ukulahleka kokuzwa okwenzekayo kwenzeka lapho imisindo ingakwazi ukungena endlebeni yangaphandle nengaphakathi. Kungaba nzima ukuzwa imisindo ephansi. Imisindo ephakeme ingafakwa umsindo.

Umuthi noma ukuhlinzwa uvame ukulungisa lolu hlobo lokulalelwa kwezindlebe.

Izimbangela Zokulahleka Kokuzwa Okungaphelele

Lolu hlobo lokulahlekelwa izindlebe lungabangelwa ngokulandelayo:

  • Uketshezi endlebeni yakho ephakathi kusuka emakhazeni noma ekungezelweni komzimba.
  • Ukutheleleka kwendlebe, noma imidiya ye-otitis. I-Otitis yigama elalisetshenziselwa ukuchaza ukutheleleka kwendlebe, futhi abezindaba basho maphakathi.
  • Umsebenzi we-tube Eustachian ompofu. Ishubhu le-Eustachian lifaka indlebe yakho ephakathi nekhala. Ukufafaza endlebeni ephakathi kungakhipha kulesishubhu. I-Fluid ingahlala endlebeni ephakathi uma ithubhu lingasebenzi kahle.
  • Umgodi eardrum yakho.
  • Izimpawu ze-Benign. Lawa maqhubu awawona umdlavuza kodwa angavimba indlebe yangaphandle noma ephakathi.
  • I-Earwax, noma isigaxa, sinamathele endlebeni yakho yendlebe.
  • Ukutheleleka emgodini wendlebe, obizwa ngokuthi yi-otitis yangaphandle. Ungayizwa le ebizwa ngokuthi ukubhukuda kwendlebe.
  • Into eboshwe endlebeni yakho yangaphandle. Isibonelo kungaba ukuthi ingane yakho ifaka amatshe endlebeni yayo lapho idlala ngaphandle.
  • Inkinga yokuthi lendlebe yangaphandle noma ephakathi yakhiwa kanjani. Abanye abantu bazalwa ngaphandle kwendlebe engaphandle. Abanye bangaba nomsele wendlebe owonakele noma banenkinga yamathambo endlebeni yabo ephakathi.

Yini Ukuxutshwa Kokuzwa Ukulahleka

Kwesinye isikhathi, ukulahleka kokuzwa okwenzekayo kwenzeka ngasikhathi sinye njengokulahlekelwa kokuzwa kwezinzwa, noma i-SNHL. Lokhu kusho ukuthi kungahle kube nomonakalo endlebeni yangaphandle noma phakathi nasendlebeni yangaphakathi noma endleleni yezinzwa ebuchosheni. Lokhu ukulahleka kokuzwa okuxubile.

Izimbangela Zokulahleka Kwezwa Okuxubile

Noma yini ebangela ukulahleka kwezindlebe okuvumayo noma i-SNHL ingaholela ekulahlekelweni kokuzwa okuxubile. Isibonelo kungaba uma ulahlekelwe yikuzwa ngoba usebenza ngokuzungeza kwezwi elikhulu futhi une-fluid endlebeni yakho ephakathi. Lokhu kuhlangana ndawonye kungenza ukuzwa kwakho kube kubi kakhulu kunokuba kube yinkinga eyodwa.

 

Ukulahleka kokuzwa kungaba okwesikhashana noma unomphela. Kuvame ukufika kancane kancane njengoba ukhula, kepha kwesinye isikhathi kungenzeka ngokuzumayo.

Bheka i-GP yakho uma ubona noma yiziphi izinkinga ngokuzwa kwakho ukuze uthole imbangela bese uthola izeluleko mayelana nokwelashwa.

Izimpawu nezimpawu zokulahlekelwa ukuzwa

Akulula ngaso sonke isikhathi ukusho uma ulahlekelwa ukuzwa kwakho.

Izimpawu ezijwayelekile zifaka:

  • ubunzima bokuzwa abanye abantu ngokucacile, nokungaqondi kahle abakushoyo, ikakhulukazi ezindaweni ezinomsindo
  • ukucela abantu ukuthi baziphinde
  • ukulalela umculo noma ukubukela ithelevishini kakhulu
  • ukugxila kanzima ukuzwa ukuthi bathini abanye abantu, okungakhathaza noma kucindezele

Izimpawu zingahluka kancane uma ulahlekelwa ukuzwa kuphela endlebeni e-1 noma uma ingane encane inokuzwa.

Funda kabanzi mayelana izimpawu nezimpawu zokulahlekelwa ukuzwa.

Ungaluthola nini usizo lwezokwelapha

I-GP yakho ingakusiza uma ucabanga ukuthi ulahlekelwa ukuzwa kwakho.

  • Uma wena noma ingane yakho ngokungazelelwe ulahlekelwa ukuzwa (ku-1 noma ezindlebeni zombili), shayela i-GP yakho noma I-NHS 111 ngokushesha ngangokunokwenzeka.
  • Uma ucabanga ukuthi ukuzwa kwakho noma kwengane yakho kuya ngokuya kuba kubi, yenza i-aphoyintimenti yokubonana nodokotela wakho.
  • Uma ukhathazekile ngokuzwa komngane noma kwelungu lomndeni, bakhuthaze ukuthi babone i-GP yabo.

I-GP yakho izokubuza ngezimpawu zakho bese ibheka ngaphakathi kwezindlebe zakho isebenzisa ithoshi elincane eliphethe ilensi yokukhulisa. Futhi bangenza amasheke alula okuzwa kwakho.

Uma kudingeka, bangakudlulisela kuchwepheshe ukuthola okuningi ukuhlolwa kokuzwa.

Izimbangela zokulahleka kokuzwa

Ukuzwa ukulahlekelwa kungaba nezimbangela eziningi ezahlukene. Ngokwesibonelo:

  • Ukulahleka kokuzwa okungazelelwe endlebeni e-1 kungenzeka kungenxa ye- izindlebe, A ukutheleleka indlebe, a i-eardrum ebolile (eqhume) or Isifo sikaMénière.
  • Ukulahleka kokuzwa okungazelelwe ezindlebeni zombili kungahle kube ngenxa yomonakalo ovela emsindweni omkhulu kakhulu, noma ukuthatha imithi ethile engathinta ukuzwa.
  • Ukulahleka kancane kokuzwa endlebeni eyodwa kungahle kube ngenxa yento ethile engaphakathi kwendlebe, njengoketshezi (indlebe yeglue), ukukhula kwamathambo (i-otosclerosis) noma ukwakheka kwamaseli esikhumba (kucofeoma)
  • Ukulahleka kancane kokuzwa ezindlebeni zombili kuvame ukubangelwa ukuguga noma ukuvezwa emisindweni ephezulu eminyakeni eminingi.

Lokhu kungakunika umbono wesizathu sokulahlekelwa ukuzwa - kepha qiniseka ukuthi ubona i-GP ukuze uthole ukuxilongwa okufanele. Kungenzeka kungahlali kungenzeki ukuthola imbangela esobala.

Ukwelashwa kokulahlekelwa ukuzwa

Ukulahlekelwa kokuzwa kwesinye isikhathi kuba ngcono ngokwakho, noma kungaphathwa ngemithi noma inqubo elula. Isibonelo, i-earwax ingakhishwa, noma ithanjiswe ngama-eardrops.

Kepha ezinye izinhlobo - njengokulahlekelwa ukuzwa kancane kancane, okuvame ukwenzeka lapho ukhula - kungahlala unomphela. Kulezi zimo, ukwelashwa kungasiza ekusebenziseni kahle ukulalela okusele. Lokhu kungabandakanya ukusebenzisa:

  • izinsiza zokuzwa - izinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zitholakala ku-NHS noma ngasese
  • izimila - amadivayisi anamathiselwe kugebhezi lwakho noma afakwa ngaphakathi endlebeni yakho, uma izinsiza-kuzwa zingafaneleki
  • izindlela ezahlukahlukene zokuxhumana - njenge Ulwimi lwezandla noma ukufunda izindebe

Funda kabanzi mayelana ukwelashwa kokulahlekelwa ukuzwa.

Ukuvimbela ukulahleka kwezindlebe

Akunakwenzeka ngaso sonke isikhathi ukuvimbela ukulahleka kokuzwa, kepha kunezinto ezithile ezilula ongazenza ukunciphisa ubungozi bokulimaza ukuzwa kwakho.

Lezi zihlanganisa:

  • ukungabi nethelevishini yakho, umsakazo noma umculo phezulu kakhulu
  • usebenzisa ama-headphone avimba umsindo ongaphandle, esikhundleni sokunyusa ivolumu
  • ukufaka ukuvikela izindlebe (njengabavikeli bendlebe) uma usebenza endaweni enomsindo, njengendawo yokusebenzela yasegaraji noma indawo yokwakha; ama-earplugs akhethekile akhiphe umoya avumela umsindo othile nawo ayatholakala kubaculi
  • ukusebenzisa ukuvikelwa kwezindlebe emakhonsathini anomsindo nakweminye imicimbi lapho kunamazinga aphezulu omsindo
  • ukungafaki izinto ezindlebeni zakho noma zezingane zakho - lokhu kufaka iminwe, ukotini, uboya bezicubu nezicubu

Funda kabanzi amathiphu wokuvikela ukuzwa kwakho.