Kuyini ukulahleka kokuzwa

  • Ukulahleka kokuzwa ukungakwazi ukuzwa okuyingxenye noma okuphelele. Ukulahleka kokuzwa kungaba khona lapho kuzalwa noma kutholwa nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ngemuva kwalokho. Ukulahlekelwa kokuzwa kungenzeka endlebeni eyodwa noma zombili. Ezinganeni, izinkinga zokuzwa zingathinta ikhono lokufunda ulimi olukhulunywayo futhi kubantu abadala kungadala ubunzima ngokuxhumana nomphakathi nasemsebenzini.Ukuzwa ukulahlekelwa kungaba okwesikhashana noma unomphela. Ukulahleka kokuzwa okuhlobene nobudala kuvame ukuthinta zombili izindlebe futhi kungenxa yokulahleka kweseli kwezinwele. Kwabanye abantu, ikakhulukazi abantu asebekhulile, ukungezwa ezindlebeni kungaholela ekubeni nesizungu. Abantu abayizithulu bavame ukungezwa.
  • Ukulahlekelwa ukuzwa kungadalwa yizinto eziningi, kufaka phakathi: ufuzo, ukuguga, ukuvezwa ngomsindo, ezinye izifo, izinkinga zokuzalwa, ukuhlukumezeka endlebeni, nemithi ethile noma ubuthi. Isimo esivamile esiholela ekulahlekelweni kokuzwa ukutheleleka okungapheli kwezindlebe. Ukutheleleka okuthile ngesikhathi sokukhulelwa, njenge-cytomegalovirus, i-syphilis ne-rubella, nakho kungadala ukulahleka kwezindlebe enganeni. Ama-decibel angama-25 okungenani endlebeni eyodwa. Ukuhlolwa kokuzwa okungekuhle kuyanconywa kuzo zonke izingane ezisanda kuzalwa. noma okujulile (okukhulu kune-25 dB). Kunezinhlobo ezintathu eziyinhloko zokulahlekelwa kwezindlebe: ukulahleka kokuzwa okusebenzayo, ukulahleka kokuzwa kwezinzwa, nokulahleka kokuzwa okuxubile.
  • Cishe uhhafu wokulahleka kokuzwa emhlabeni jikelele kungavikeleka ngezinyathelo zezempilo zomphakathi. Imikhuba enjalo ifaka ukugoma, ukunakekelwa okufanele ngesikhathi sokukhulelwa, ukugwema umsindo omkhulu, nokugwema imishanguzo ethile. I-World Health Organisation incoma ukuthi abantu abasha bakhawulele ukuchayeka emisindweni enomsindo nasekusetshenzisweni kwama-audio player abo ihora elilodwa ngosuku emzameni wokunciphisa ukuvezwa komsindo. Ukuhlonza kusenesikhathi kanye nokusekelwa kubaluleke kakhulu ezinganeni.Kubaningi izinsiza zokuzwa, ulimi lwezandla, okufakwa kuma-cochlear nemibhalo engezansi kuyasiza. Ukufundwa kwezindebe elinye ikhono eliwusizo elithuthukiswayo izinsiza zokuzwa, nokho, kulinganiselwe ezindaweni eziningi zomhlaba.
  • Kusukela ngo-2013 ukulahleka kokuzwa kuthinta cishe abantu abayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyi-1.1 ngezinga elithile. Kubanga ukukhubazeka kubantu ababalelwa ezigidini ezingama-466 (ama-5% omphakathi womhlaba wonke), futhi kube nokukhubazeka okulingene kuya kokubi kakhulu kubantu abayizigidi eziyi-124. Kulabo abanokukhubazeka okulingene kuya kokulingene abayizigidi eziyi-108 bahlala emazweni anemali ephansi naphakathi. Kulabo abanokulahlekelwa ukuzwa, kwaqala ebuntwaneni ngezigidi ezingama-65. Labo abasebenzisa ulimi lwezandla futhi abangamalungu esiko lezithulu bazibona benomehluko kunokuba babe nokugula. Iningi lamalungu esiko lezithulu liyayiphikisa imizamo yokwelapha isithulu kanti abanye kulo mphakathi babheka okokufaka ama-cochlear ngokukhathazeka njengoba bekwazi ukuqeda isiko labo. Igama elithi ukukhubazeka kokuzwa livame ukubhekwa kabi njengoba ligcizelela lokho abantu abangakwazi ukukwenza.

Kuyini Ukulahleka Kokuzwa Kwezinzwa

-Indlebe yakho yakhiwe izingxenye ezintathu-indlebe engaphandle, ephakathi, nengaphakathi. Ukulahlekelwa kwezindlebe ze-Sensorineural, noma i-SNHL, kwenzeka ngemva kokulimala kwendlebe yangaphakathi. Izinkinga ngemigudu yezinzwa ezivela endlebeni yakho yangaphakathi ziye ebuchosheni bakho nazo zingadala i-SNHL. Imisindo ethambile ingase ibe nzima ukuyizwa. Ngisho nemisindo ephakeme kakhulu ingase ingacaci noma izwakale iphikisiwe.

-Lolu uhlobo oluvame kakhulu lokulahlekelwa ukuzwa unomphela. Isikhathi esiningi, umuthi noma ukuhlinzwa akukwazi ukulungisa i-SNHL. Izinsizakuzwa kungakusiza uzwe.

Izimbangela Zokulahleka Kokuzwa Kwezinzwa

-Lolu hlobo lokulahlekelwa ukuzwa lungadalwa yizinto ezilandelayo:

1.Izifo.

2.Izidakamizwa ezinobuthi ezindlebeni.

3.Ukulahlekelwa kokuzwa okwenzeka emndenini.

4.Ukuguga.

5.Ukushaywa ekhanda.

6.Inkinga ngendlela ukwakheka kwengaphakathi lendlebe.

7.Ukulalela imisindo ephezulu noma ukuqhuma.

Kuyini Ukulahlekelwa Kokuzwa Kwezici

-Indlebe yakho yakhiwe izingxenye ezintathu-indlebe engaphandle, ephakathi, nengaphakathi. Ukulahlekelwa kokuzwa kwe-conductive kwenzeka lapho imisindo ingakwazi ukungena endlebeni engaphandle nemaphakathi. Kungase kube nzima ukuzwa imisindo ethambile. Imisindo ephakeme kakhulu ingase ivalwe.

-Imithi noma ukuhlinzwa kuvame ukulungisa lolu hlobo lokulahlekelwa izindlebe.

Izimbangela Zokulahleka Kokuzwa Okungaphelele

-Lolu hlobo lokulahlekelwa ukuzwa lungadalwa yilokhu okulandelayo:

1.Uketshezi endlebeni yakho emaphakathi kusuka emikhubeni noma ukungezwani komzimba nezinto ezithile.

2.Ukutheleleka kwezindlebe, noma i-otitis media. I-Otitis igama elisetshenziselwa ukusho ukutheleleka kwezindlebe, futhi imidiya isho phakathi.

3.Ukungasebenzi kahle kwe-Eustachian tube. Ishubhu le-Eustachian lixhuma indlebe yakho emaphakathi nekhala lakho. Uketshezi oluphakathi kwendlebe lungaphuma ngaleli shubhu. Uketshezi lungahlala phakathi nendlebe uma ishubhu lingasebenzi kahle.

4.Imbobo endlebeni yakho.

5.Amathumba amahle. Lezi zimila aziwona umdlavuza kodwa zingavala indlebe yangaphandle noma ephakathi.

6.I-Earwax, noma i-cerumen, inamathele endlebeni yakho.

7.Ukutheleleka emgodini wendlebe, okubizwa ngokuthi i-otitis yangaphandle. Ungase uzwe lokhu okubizwa ngendlebe yobhukudi.

8.Into enamathele endlebeni yakho yangaphandle. Isibonelo kungaba uma ingane yakho ibeka itshe endlebeni yayo lapho idlala ngaphandle.

9.Inkinga ngendlela indlebe engaphandle noma ephakathi nendawo eyakheka ngayo. Abanye abantu bazalwa bengenandlebe yangaphandle. Abanye bangase babe nendlebe ekhubazekile noma babe nenkinga yamathambo endlebe yabo ephakathi.

Yini Ukuxutshwa Kokuzwa Ukulahleka

-Ngezinye izikhathi, ukulahlekelwa kwezindlebe ze-conductive kwenzeka ngesikhathi esifanayo njengokulahlekelwa kwezinzwa ze-sensorineural, noma i-SNHL. Lokhu kusho ukuthi kungase kube nomonakalo endlebeni engaphandle noma emaphakathi nasendlebeni yangaphakathi noma endleleni yemizwa eya ebuchosheni. Lokhu ukulahlekelwa kwezindlebe okuxubile.

Izimbangela Zokulahleka Kwezwa Okuxubile

-Noma yini ebangela ukulahlekelwa kwezindlebe eziqhutshwayo noma i-SNHL ingaholela ekulahlekelweni kokuzwa okuxubile. Isibonelo kungaba uma ungezwa ngenxa yokuthi usebenza eduze kwemisindo ephezulu futhi unoketshezi endlebeni yakho ephakathi. Okubili ndawonye kungenza ukuzwa kwakho kube kubi kakhulu kunokuba kube nenkinga eyodwa kuphela.

 

  • Ukulahleka kokuzwa kungaba okwesikhashana noma unomphela. Kuvame ukufika kancane kancane njengoba ukhula, kepha kwesinye isikhathi kungenzeka ngokuzumayo.
  • Bheka i-GP yakho uma ubona noma yiziphi izinkinga ngokuzwa kwakho ukuze uthole imbangela bese uthola izeluleko mayelana nokwelashwa.

Izimpawu nezimpawu zokulahlekelwa ukuzwa

-Akulula ngaso sonke isikhathi ukusho uma ulahlekelwa ukuzwa.

Izimpawu ezijwayelekile zifaka:

1.ubunzima bokuzwa abanye abantu ngokucacile, nokungaqondi abakushoyo, ikakhulukazi ezindaweni ezinomsindo

2.ukucela abantu ukuthi baziphinde

3.ukulalela umculo noma ukubukela ithelevishini phezulu

4.ukuthi ugxilise ingqondo kanzima ukuze uzwe ukuthi abanye abantu bathini, okungase kukhathaze noma kucindezele

5.Izimpawu zingahluka kancane uma unenkinga yokuzwa endlebeni engu-1 noma uma ingane encane ingezwa.

Funda kabanzi mayelana izimpawu nezimpawu zokulahlekelwa ukuzwa.

Ungaluthola nini usizo lwezokwelapha

1. Udokotela wakho angakusiza uma ucabanga ukuthi ulahlekelwa ukuzwa.

2.Uma wena noma ingane yakho nilahlekelwa ukuzwa kungazelelwe (ngezindlebe ezi-1 noma zombili), shayela udokotela wakho noma I-NHS 111 ngokushesha ngangokunokwenzeka.

3. Uma ucabanga ukuthi ukuzwa kwakho noma kwengane yakho kuya ngokuya kuba kubi kakhulu, yenza isikhathi sokubonana nodokotela wakho.

4. Uma ukhathazekile ngokulalelwa komngane noma ilungu lomndeni, likhuthaze ukuthi libonane nodokotela wabo.

-Udokotela wakho uzobuza ngezimpawu zakho futhi abheke ngaphakathi ezindlebeni zakho esebenzisa ithoshi elincane eliphathwa ngesandla elinelensi yokukhulisa. Bangakwazi futhi ukuhlola izindlebe zakho.

-Uma kudingeka, bangakudlulisela kuchwepheshe ukuze uthole okwengeziwe ukuhlolwa kokuzwa.

Izimbangela zokulahleka kokuzwa

-Ukulahlekelwa ukuzwa kungaba nezimbangela eziningi ezahlukene. Ngokwesibonelo:

1.Ukulahlekelwa ukuzwa okungazelelwe endlebeni engu-1 kungase kubangelwe izindlebe, A ukutheleleka indlebe, a i-eardrum ebolile (eqhume) or Isifo sikaMénière.

2.Ukulahlekelwa ukuzwa kungazelelwe kuzo zombili izindlebe kungase kube ngenxa yokulimala komsindo omkhulu kakhulu, noma ukuphuza imithi ethile engase iphazamise ukuzwa.

3.Ukungezwa kancane kancane endlebeni eyodwa kungase kubangelwe kokuthile okungaphakathi endlebeni, njengoketshezi (indlebe yeglue), ukukhula kwamathambo (i-otosclerosis) noma ukwakheka kwamaseli esikhumba (kucofeoma)

4.Ukulahlekelwa kwezindlebe kancane kancane kuzo zombili izindlebe kuvame ukubangelwa ukuguga noma ukuchayeka emisindweni ephezulu iminyaka eminingi.

-Lokhu kungase kukunikeze umbono wesizathu sokulahlekelwa ukuzwa - kodwa qiniseka ukuthi ubonana nodokotela ukuze uthole ukuxilongwa okufanele. Kungase kungenzeki ngaso sonke isikhathi ukuhlonza imbangela esobala.

Ukwelashwa kokulahlekelwa ukuzwa

-Ukulahlekelwa ukuzwa ngezinye izikhathi kuba ngcono ngokwakho, noma kungase kwelashwe ngomuthi noma inqubo elula. Isibonelo, i-earwax ingamuncwa, noma ithanjiswe ngama-eardrop.

-Kodwa ezinye izinhlobo - ezifana nokungezwa kancane kancane, okuvame ukwenzeka lapho ukhula - kungase kube unomphela. Kulezi zimo, ukwelashwa kungasiza ukwenza okuningi kokulalelwa okusele. Lokhu kungabandakanya ukusebenzisa:

1.izinsiza zokuzwa - izinhlobo ezahlukahlukene zitholakala ku-NHS noma ngasese

2.ama-implants – izinto ezixhunywe kugebhezi lwekhanda lakho noma ezibekwe ekujuleni kwendlebe yakho, uma izinsiza-kuzwa zingafanele.

3.izindlela ezahlukene zokuxhumana - njenge Ulwimi lwezandla noma ukufunda izindebe

- Funda kabanzi mayelana ukwelashwa kokulahlekelwa ukuzwa.

Ukuvimbela ukulahleka kwezindlebe

-Akwenzeki ngaso sonke isikhathi ukuvimbela ukungezwa, kodwa kunezinto ezilula ongazenza ukuze unciphise ingozi yokulimaza izindlebe zakho.

Lezi zihlanganisa:

1.ukungabi nayo ithelevishini, umsakazo noma umculo phezulu kakhulu

2.ukusebenzisa ama-headphone avala umsindo ongaphandle, esikhundleni sokukhuphula ivolumu

3.ukugqoka ukuvikela izindlebe (njengezivikelo ezindlebeni) uma usebenza endaweni enomsindo, njengendawo yokusebenzela yasegaraji noma indawo yokwakha; ama-earplugs akhethekile avumela umsindo othile angene nawo ayatholakala kubaculi

4.ukusebenzisa ukuvikela izindlebe kumakhonsathi anomsindo neminye imicimbi lapho kunomsindo omkhulu

5.ungafaki izinto ezindlebeni zakho noma zezingane zakho - lokhu kuhlanganisa iminwe, ama-cotton buds, uvolo kakotini kanye nezicubu.

-Funda kabanzi amathiphu wokuvikela ukuzwa kwakho.