UKUZWA Ingculazi

Izinsizakusezwa ezincane, izikhulisi ezisebenza ngebhethri ezigqokwa endlebeni. Kusetshenziswa imakrofoni ezincane ukuthola umsindo endaweni ezungezile. Le misindo yenziwa yizwi elikhulu ukuze umsebenzisi akwazi ukuzwa le misindo kangcono. Izinsizakuzwa azibuyisi ukuzwa kwakho kube okujwayelekile. Akuvimbeli ukonakala kwemvelo kokuzwa, futhi akubangeli ukuwohloka ngokwengeziwe kwekhono lokuzwa. Kodwa-ke, izinsiza zokuzwa zivame ukuthuthukisa ikhono lomuntu lokuxhumana ezimweni zansuku zonke.

I-Audiology yabantu abadala inikeza izindlela ezimbili zensiza yezinsiza-kuzwa: ubuchwepheshe obuthuthukisiwe ngendlela ehlanganisiwe nemodeli yezinga lokungena ngendlela engahlanganisiwe. Ubuchwepheshe obuthuthukisiwe buneziteshi eziningi zokucubungula, ukuncishiswa komsindo okuningana kanye nokunciphisa umsindo, nokuqondiswa okuguqukayo, kanye nezinketho eziphinda zishintshwe neze-Bluetooth. Lezi zinsiza zilethwa ngewaranti yeminyaka emi-2 kuye kwemithathu futhi konke ukuvakashelwa kwamahhovisi nezinsizakalo zifakiwe ezindlekweni. Imodeli yezinga lokungena ineziteshi ezimbalwa zokucubungula, ukunciphisa umsindo okuyisisekelo, nokuqondisa. Lezi zinsiza-kuzwa zilethwa ngewaranti yonyaka owodwa kanti ukuvakashelwa kwamahhovisi ngemuva kokulungiswa nezinsizakalo akufakiwe ezindlekweni. Izindleko ziphansi kakhulu futhi zingabizi kakhulu. Umkhuba omuhle kakhulu wokusiza izinsizakuzwa usetshenziswa ngazo zombili izindlela zesevisi.

Yiluphi usizo lokuzwa?

Insiza yokuzwa yinto encane kagesi oyigqoka ngaphakathi noma ngemuva kwendlebe yakho. Kwenza eminye imisindo iphakame ukuze umuntu onenkinga yokuzwa akwazi ukulalela, ukuxhumana, futhi abambe iqhaza ngokugcwele emisebenzini yansuku zonke. Insiza yokuzwa ingasiza abantu ukuzwa okuningi ezimweni zombili ezinokuthula nezinomsindo. Kodwa-ke, cishe umuntu oyedwa kwabahlanu kuphela ongazuza osizweni lokuzwa empeleni osebenzisa eyodwa.

Insiza yokuzwa inezingxenye ezintathu eziyisisekelo: imakrofoni, isandisi, isikhulumi. Insiza yokuzwa ithola umsindo ngemakrofoni, eguqula amaza omsindo abe yizimpawu zikagesi bese izithumela kuma-amplifier. Isikhulisi sandisa amandla wezimpawu bese sizithumela endlebeni ngesipika.

Izinsizakalo zokuzwa zingasiza kanjani?

Izinsiza zokuzwa zibalulekile ekuthuthukiseni ukuqonda kwezindlebe nokukhuluma kwabantu abalahlekelwe ukuzwa okuvela kumonakalo kumaseli wezinzwa amancane endlebeni yangaphakathi, okubizwa ngokuthi amaseli wezinwele. Lolu hlobo lokulahleka kwendlebe lubizwa ngokuthi ukulahleka kokuzwa kwezinzwa. Ukulimala kungenzeka ngenxa yesifo, ukuguga, noma ukulimala komsindo noma imithi ethile.

Usizo lokuzwa lukhulisa ukunyakaza okuzwakalayo okungena endlebeni. Amaseli wezinwele asindayo abona ukunyakaza okuphezulu futhi ukuguqula kube amasiginali we-neural adluliselwa ebuchosheni. Lapho umonakalo omkhulu ukonakala kumaseli wezinwele zomuntu, kuba nzima ngokwengeziwe ukulahleka kokuzwa, nokuthuthuka kokukhulisa okudingakalayo ukwenza umehluko. Kodwa-ke, kunemikhawulo esebenzayo enanini lokukhuphuka ongalunikeza usizo lokuzwa. Ngaphezu kwalokho, uma indlebe yangaphakathi ilimele kakhulu, noma ukudlidliza okukhulu ngeke kuguqulwe kube yizimpawu ze-neural. Kulesi simo, usizo lokuzwa lungasebenzi.

Ngingathola kanjani ukuthi ngidinga usizo lokuzwa?

Uma ucabanga ukuthi kungenzeka ukuthi ulahlekelwe yikuzwa futhi ungazuza ngosizo lokuzwa, vakashela udokotela wakho, ongakudlulisela ku-otolaryngologist noma ku-audiologist. Udokotela otolaryngologist udokotela onguchwepheshe wokuphazamiseka endlebeni, ekhaleni nasemphinjeni futhi uzophenya imbangela yokulahleka kwendlebe. Udokotela wezilazi onguchwepheshe wezempilo ozwa futhi alinganise ukulahleka kwezindlebe futhi uzokwenza isivivinyo sokuzwa ukuzwa uhlobo nokulahleka kokulahleka.

Ingabe kunezitayela ezahlukene zezinsiza zokuzwa?

Izitayela zezinsizakuzwa

Izinhlobo ze-5 zosizo lokuzwa. Behind-the-Ear (BTE), Mini BTE, In-the-end (ITE), In-the-canal (ITC) kanye ne-canal ngokuphelele (i-CIC)
Umthombo: NIH / NIDCD

  • Ngemuva kwendlebe (BTE) izinsiza zokuzwa zakhiwe ngecala elinzima lepulasitiki eligqoke ngemuva kwendlebe lixhunyaniswe ngokhuni lwapulasitiki oluhambisana ngaphakathi kwendlebe yangaphandle. Izingxenye ze-elektroniki zigcinwe ecaleni elingemuva kwendlebe. Umsindo uhamba usuka osizweni wokuzwa udlule endlebeni ungene endlebeni. Izinsizakalo ze-BTE zisetshenziswa ngabantu bayo yonke iminyaka ngobumnene kuya ekulahlekelweni okukhulu kwezindlebe. Uhlobo olusha losizo lwe-BTE lusizo lokuzwa olukufanele. Izinsiza-kusebenza ezincane, ezivulekile ezilingana nendlebe ngokuphelele, zineshubhu encane kuphela efakwe emgudwini wendlebe, onika amandla umsele ukuba uhlale uvulekile. Ngalesi sizathu, izinsiza zezindlebe ezivulekile zingaba ukukhetha okuhle kubantu abathola ukwakhiwa kwe-earwax, ngoba lolu hlobo losizo lungalinyazwa izinto ezinjalo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, abanye abantu bangase bakhethe insiza yokuzwa evulekile ngoba ukuqonda kwabo izwi akuzwakali “kuxhunyiwe.”
  • Endlebeni (I-ITE) izinsiza zokuzwa zilungele ngokuphelele ngaphakathi kwendlebe yangaphandle futhi zisetshenziselwa ukuthobeka kwezindlebe ezinzima. Icala eliphethe izakhi ze-elekthronikhi lenziwe ngeplastiki eqinile. Ezinye izinsiza ze-ITE zingaba nezici ezithile ezingeziwe, ezifana ne-telecoil. I-telecoil iyikhoyili encane kamazibuko evumela abasebenzisi ukuthi bathole umsindo ngokujikeleza kosizo lokuzwa, kunokusebenzisa imakrofoni yayo. Lokhu kwenza kube lula ukuzwa izingxoxo ngocingo. I-telecoil isiza nabantu ukuthi bazwe ezikhungweni zomphakathi ezifake izinhlelo ezikhethekile zemisindo, ebizwa ngokuthi yi-induction loop system. Izinhlelo zokufakelwa kwe-induction zingatholakala emasontweni amaningi, ezikoleni, kwizikhumulo zezindiza nakumahholo. IZISEKO ze-ITE ngokuvamile azigqokwa yizingane ezincane ngoba ama-casings adinga ukushintshwa kaningi njengoba indlebe ikhula.
  • Canal izinto ezisiza ukungena emgudwini wendlebe futhi zitholakala ngezitayela ezimbili. Insiza yokuzwa kwe-in-the-canal (ITC) yenziwa ukulingana nosayizi nokwakheka komsele wendlebe womuntu. Usizo lokuzwa lwe-in-canal ngokuphelele (i-CIC) cishe lufihliwe emsebeni wendlebe. Zombili lezi zinhlobo zisetshenziselwa ukuthobeka okuncane kokuzwa okulinganiselwe ngokulingana.Ngenxa yokuthi zincane, izinsiza canal zingaba nzima kumuntu ukuziguqula nokuzisusa. Ngaphezu kwalokho, izinsiza canal zinendawo encane etholakalayo amabhethri namadivayisi angeziwe, njenge-telecoil. Imvamisa ayinconywa ezinganeni ezincane noma kubantu abanokulimala okukhulu kokuzwa ngoba ubukhulu babo bancishisiwe banciphisa amandla abo nevolumu.

Ingabe zonke izinsiza zokuzwa zisebenza ngendlela efanayo?

Izinsizakuzwa zisebenza ngendlela ehlukile ngokuya ngemishini esetshenziswa ngogesi. Izinhlobo ezimbili eziphambili ze-elekthronikhi ziyi-analog nezedijithali.

Analog izinsiza-mbumbulu ziguqula amaza omsindo abe yizimpawu zikagesi, ezikhulisiwe. Izinsiza-kufundisa ze-Analog / eziguqukayo zenzelwe inkambiso yokuhlangabezana nezidingo zomsebenzisi ngamunye. Usizo luhlelwe ngumenzi ngokuya ngezincazelo ezinconywe yi-audiologist yakho. Izinsizakalo zokuzwa ze-Analog / programmable zinezinhlelo ezingaphezu kweyodwa noma ukulungiselelwa. Isazi sezilaleli singakwazi ukufaka uhlelo lusiza ikhompyutha, futhi ungashintsha uhlelo ulusebenzise ezindaweni ezahlukene zokulalela-usuka egumbini elincane, elinokuthula liye endaweni yokudlela ephithizelayo liye ezindaweni ezinkulu, ezivulekile, njengethiyetha noma inkundla yemidlalo. I-Analog / circryable circry ingasetshenziswa kuzo zonke izinhlobo zezinsiza zokuzwa. Izinsiza-analog zivame ukubiza kancane kunezinsiza zedijithali.

Digital Izinsizakalo ziguqula amaza omsindo abe amakhodi wamanani, afanayo nekhodi kanambambili yekhompyutha, ngaphambi kokukhulisa. Ngoba ikhodi futhi ifaka imininingwane emayelana nokukhala komsindo noma umsindo, insiza ingahlelwa ngokukhethekile ukukhulisa amaza athile kunabanye. Ukujikeleza kwedijithali kunikeza i-audiologist ukuguquguquka okwengeziwe ekushintsheni usizo kwezidingo zomsebenzisi nakwizimo ezithile zokulalela. Lezi zinsiza futhi zingahlelelwa ukugxila kwimisindo ephuma endaweni ethile. Ijikelezi ledijithali lingasetshenziswa kuzo zonke izinhlobo zezinsiza zokuzwa.

Yiluphi usizo lokuzwa oluzosebenza kahle kimi?

Usizo lokuzwa oluzosebenzela wena luxhomekeke kuhlobo nasekuqineni kokulahleka kwakho kokuzwa. Uma ulahlekelwe yindlebe kuzo zombili izindlebe zakho, izinsiza ezimbili zokuzwa zivame ukunconywa ngoba izinsiza ezimbili zinikeza isignali yemvelo engaphezulu ebuchosheni. Ukuzwa ezindlebeni zombili nakho kuzokusiza ukuthi uqonde ukukhuluma futhi uthole ukuthi umsindo uvelaphi.

Wena ne-audiologist yakho kufanele ukhethe insiza yokuzwa evumelana nezidingo zakho nendlela yakho yokuphila. Intengo futhi ukucatshangelwa okubalulekile ngoba izinsiza zokuzwa zivela kumakhulu kuya ezinkulungwaneni zamadola. Kufana nokunye ukuthenga kwemishini, isitayela nezici ezithinta izindleko. Noma kunjalo, ungasebenzisi intengo kuphela ukunquma insiza yokuzwa engcono kakhulu. Ngoba nje enye yezinsizakalo zokuzwa ibiza kakhulu kunenye akusho ukuthi izokuhlangabezana kangcono nezidingo zakho.

Insiza yokuzwa ngeke ikuvuselele ukuzwa kwakho okujwayelekile. Ngokuzijwayeza, noma kunjalo, usizo lokuzwa luzothuthukisa ukuqaphela kwakho imisindo nemithombo yayo. Uzofuna ukugqoka izinsiza zakho zokuzwa njalo, ngakho-ke khetha eyodwa elula futhi okulula ukuyisebenzisa. Ezinye izinto okufanele zidingidwe zibandakanya izingxenye noma izinsizakalo ezimbozwe iwaranti, isilinganiso esilinganiselwayo nezindleko zokulungiswa nokulungiswa, izinketho kanye namathuba wokuthuthukisa, kanye nedumela lenkampani yosizo lokuzwa ngekhwalithi nesevisi yamakhasimende.

Yimiphi imibuzo okufanele ngiyibuze ngaphambi kokuthenga usizo lokuzwa?

Ngaphambi kokuthenga usizo lokuzwa, buza i-audiologist yakho le mibuzo ebalulekile:

  • Iziphi izici ezingangisiza kakhulu?
  • Yini izindleko eziphelele zosizo lokuzwa? Ngabe izinzuzo zobuchwepheshe obusha zidlula izindleko eziphakeme?
  • Ingabe kunesikhathi sokuvivinywa kokuhlola izinsiza zokuzwa? (Abakhiqizi abaningi bavumela isikhathi sesivivinyo sezinsuku ezingama-30- kuya ku-60 lapho izinsiza zingabuyiselwa imali.) Yiziphi izindleko ezingabuyiselwa uma izinsiza zibuyelwa emuva kwesikhathi sokulingwa?
  • Isikhathi esingakanani iwaranti? Iyakwazi ukwelulwa? Ingabe iwaranti ifinyelela ukulungiswa nokulungiswa kwesikhathi esizayo?
  • Ingabe i-audiologist ingenza ushintsho futhi ihlinzeke ngokuhlinzekela kanye nokulungiswa okuncane? Ngabe izinsiza zemalimboleko zizonikezwa uma kudingeka ukulungiswa?
  • Ngumuphi umyalo ohlinzekelwa yi-audiologist?

Ngingazijwayeza kanjani usizo lwami lokuzwa?

Izinsizwa zokuzwa zithatha isikhathi nokubekezela ukusebenzisa ngempumelelo. Ukugqoka izinsiza zakho njalo kuzokusiza uzivumelanise nazo.

Intombazane ngosizo lokuzwa

Jwayela izici zosizo lokuzwa kwakho. Ngosizo se-audiologist sakho, prakthiza ukufaka futhi uthathe usizo, ukulihlanza, ukukhomba izinsiza zesokudla nesobunxele, kanye nokubuyisela amabhethri esikhundleni salo. Buza ukuthi ungayihlola kanjani ezindaweni zokulalela lapho unezinkinga zokuzwa. Funda ukulungisa ivolumu yosizo futhi uyihlelele imisindo ephakeme kakhulu noma ithambile kakhulu. Sebenzisana ne-audiologist yakho uze ukhululeke futhi waneliseke.

Ungahlangabezana nezinye zalezi zinkinga ezilandelayo njengoba ujwayela ukugqoka usizo lwakho olusha.

  • Insiza yami yokuzwa izizwa ingakhululekile. Abanye abantu bangathola insiza yokuzwa ingakhululeki ekuqaleni. Buza i-audiologist yakho ukuthi kufanele uyigqoke isikhathi esingakanani insiza yakho yokuzwa ngenkathi uzivumelanisa nayo.
  • Izwi lami lizwakala kakhulu. Umuzwa we- “plugged-up” odala ukuthi izwi lomsebenzisi wosizo lokuzwa lizwakale phezulu ngaphakathi ekhanda libizwa ngokuthi umphumela we-occlusion, futhi kuvamile kakhulu kubasebenzisi abasha bosizo lokuzwa. Bheka nodokotela wakho wezimpawu ukuze ubone ukuthi kungenzeka yini ukulungisa okuthile. Iningi labantu lijwayela lokhu ngokuhamba kwesikhathi.
  • Ngithola impendulo kusizo lwami lokuzwa. Umsindo ozwakala ungabangelwa lusizo lokuzwa olungahambelani noma lusebenze kahle noma luvinjelwe yi-earwax noma uketshezi. Bona isilaleli sakho sezilungiselelo.
  • Ngizwa umsindo wasemuva. Insiza yokuzwa ayihlukanisi ngokuphelele imisindo ofuna ukuyizwa kulabo ongafuni ukuzwa. Ngezinye izikhathi, noma kunjalo, usizo lokuzwa lungadinga ukulungiswa. Khuluma nesazi sakho sezilaleli.
  • Ngizwa umsindo okhathazayo lapho ngisebenzisa umakhalekhukhwini wami. Abanye abantu abagqoka izinsiza zokuzwa noma abafaka imishini yokuzwa bafikelwa yizinkinga ngokuphazamiseka kwemvamisa yomsakazo okubangelwa omakhalekhukhwini bedijithali. Zombili izinsiza zokuzwa nezingcingo zokuxhumana ziyathuthuka, kepha-ke, lezi zinkinga zenzeka kaningi. Uma usulungelwa ukuthola usizo olusha lokuzwa, thatha umakhalekhukhwini wakho ukubona ukuthi luzosebenza kahle yini nosizo.

Ngingayinakekela kanjani insiza yami yokuzwa?

Ukulungiswa nokunakekelwa okufanele kuzothuthukisa impilo yosizo lwakho lokuzwa. Kwenze umkhuba uku:

  • Gcina izinsizakuzwa kude nokushisa nomswakama.
  • Izinsizakuzwa zokuhlanzeka okuhlanzekile njengoba kufundisiwe. Ukudonsa kanzima kwendlebe nokwendlebe kungalimaza usizo lokuzwa.
  • Gwema ukusebenzisa i-hairspray noma eminye imikhiqizo yokunakekela izinwele ngenkathi ugqoke izinsiza zokuzwa.
  • Cima izinsizakuzwa uma zingasebenzi.
  • Faka amabhethri efile ngokushesha.
  • Gcina amabhethri wokufaka esikhundleni kanye nezinsiza ezincane kude nezingane nezilwane ezifuywayo.

Ngabe izinhlobo ezintsha zosizo ziyatholakala?

Yize zisebenza ngokuhlukile kunezinsizakalo zokuzwa ezichazwe ngenhla, izinsiza zokuzwa ezifakayo zenzelwe ukusiza ukwandisa ukudluliswa kwemisindo yokugibela engena endlebeni yangaphakathi. Ukufakwa kwendlebe okuphakathi (i-MEI) kuyithuluzi elincane elinamathiselwe kwelinye lamathambo endlebe ephakathi. Esikhundleni sokwandisa umsindo ohambela i-eardrum, i-MEI ihambisa la mathambo ngqo. Womabili la makhono anomphumela wokuqina wokuqinisa imisindo yokugobhoza engena endlebeni yangaphakathi ukuze akwazi ukutholwa ngabantu abalahlekelwe ukuzwa kwezinzwa.

I-Aid-anchred kusikia (i-BAHA) iyithuluzi elincane elinamathisela ithambo elingemuva kwendlebe. Idivayisi idlulisela ukuvelela okuzwakalayo ngqo endlebeni engaphakathi ngokusebenzisa ugebhezi, kudlula endlebeni ephakathi. Ama-BAHA ngokuvamile asetshenziswa ngabantu abanezinkinga eziphakathi kwendlebe noma abayisithulu endlebeni eyodwa. Ngenxa yokuthi ukuhlinzwa kuyadingeka ukufaka noma imuphi walamadivayisi, ochwepheshe abaningi abezwayo banomuzwa wokuthi izinzuzo zingahle zingabi ngaphezu kwezingozi.

Ngingathola usizo lwezezimali ngosizo lokuzwa?

Izinsizakuzwa ngokuvamile azihlanganiswa nezinkampani zomshuwalense wezempilo, yize ezinye zenza. Yezingane ezifanelekile kanye nabadala abancane abaneminyaka engu-21 nangaphansi, iMedicaid izokhokhela ukutholwa nokwelashwa kokulahleka kwendlebe, kufaka phakathi izinsiza zokuzwa, ngaphansi kwenkonzo yokuhlola, i-Diagnostic, kanye ne-Treatment (EPSDT) yokuqala. Futhi, izingane zingahlanganiswa nohlelo lokungenelela lombuso wazo kusenesikhathi noma uHlelo Lomshuwalense Wezempilo Wezingane.

I-Medicare ayizimbozi izinsiza zokuzwa zabantu abadala; kodwa-ke, ukuhlolwa kokuxilongwa kuhlanganiswa uma iyalelwa udokotela ngenhloso yokusiza udokotela ekwakheni uhlelo lokwelashwa. Njengoba iMedicare imemezele i-BAHA ukuthi iyisisetshenziswa sokudumba hhayi usizo lokuzwa, iMedicare izomboza i-BAHA uma ezinye izinqubomgomo zokusidingida zihlangabezana.

Ezinye izinhlangano ezingenzi nzuzo zinikela ngosizo lwezezimali lwezinsiza-kuzwa, kanti ezinye zingasiza ekuhlinzekeni izinsiza ezisetshenzisiwe noma ezilungisiwe. Xhumana ne- INational Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) Information Clearinghouse ngemibuzo mayelana nezinhlangano ezinikela ngosizo lwezezimali zezinsiza-kuzwa.

Yiluphi ucwaningo olwenziwa ngezinsiza-kuzwa?

Abaphenyi babheka izindlela zokusebenzisa amasu amasha wokucubungula amasignali ekwakhiweni kwezinsiza-kuzwa. Ukucutshungulwa kwesiginali yindlela esetshenziselwa ukuguqula amaza omsindo ajwayelekile abe ngumsindo okhulisiwe okungumdlalo omuhle kakhulu ekulalelweni okusele komsebenzisi wosizo lokuzwa. Abaphenyi abaxhaswe ngemali yi-NIDCD nabo bafunda ukuthi izinsiza-kuzwa zingathuthukisa kanjani izimpawu zokukhuluma ukuze kuthuthukiswe ukuqonda.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, abacwaningi baphenya ukusetshenziswa kobuchwepheshe obusizwa yikhompyutha ukuklama nokwenza izinsiza zokuzwa ezingcono. Abaphenyi futhi bafuna izindlela zokwenza ngcono ukuhanjiswa kwemisindo nokunciphisa ukuphazanyiswa komsindo, impendulo, nomphumela wokuvalwa. Izifundo ezingeziwe zigxila ezindleleni ezinhle kakhulu zokukhetha nokulingana izinsiza-kuzwa ezinganeni nakwamanye amaqembu anekhono lokuzwa okunzima ukuwahlola.

Okunye ukugxila kocwaningo okuthembisayo ukusebenzisa izifundo ezifundwe ezinhlobonhlobo zezilwane ukuklama imakrofoni ezingcono zezinsiza-kuzwa. Ososayensi abasekelwa yi-NIDCD bacwaninga ngale mpukane encane I-Ormia ochracea ngoba ukwakheka kwezindlebe kuvumela impukane ukuthi ikwazi ukuthola umthombo womsindo kalula. Ososayensi basebenzisa ukwakheka kwezindlebe zale mpukane njengesibonelo sokuklama imakrofoni eziqondisayo ezincane zezinsiza-kuzwa. Le mibhobho ikhulisa umsindo ovela ohlangothini oluthile (imvamisa inkomba umuntu abheke kuyo), kepha hhayi imisindo evela kwezinye izinkomba. Imakrofoni eqondisayo inesithembiso esihle sokwenza kube lula kubantu ukuzwa ingxoxo eyodwa, noma ngabe izungezwe eminye imisindo namaphimbo.

Ngingalutholaphi ulwazi olwengeziwe mayelana nezinsiza-kuzwa?

I-NIDCD igcina a umkhombandlela wenhlangano ezihlinzeka ngemininingwane ngezinqubo ezijwayelekile nezingaphazamiseki zokuzwa, ibhalansi, ukunambitha, iphunga, izwi, inkulumo nolimi.

Sebenzisa amagama angukhiye alandelayo ukukusiza uthole izinhlangano ezingaphendula imibuzo futhi zinikeze imininingwane ngezinsizakuzwa:

Funda kabanzi:

Izinketho zakho zamadivayisi okuzwa

Ukuqhathanisa Ithebula Lezinketho Zosizo Lokuzwa

Izinsiza zokuzwa zitholakala ngezitayela eziningi ezahlukahlukene namazinga obuchwepheshe. Ukuthola eminye imininingwane ngezinsiza zokuzwa nezinsiza zosizo lokuzwa eWashington University, chofoza izixhumanisi ezilandelayo.

Izitayela Zosizo Lokuzwa

Izici ze-Hearing Aid Technology

Yini Ongayilindela Ekuzwelweni Kwami Kwesidingo Sokuzwa

Ongakulindela Ezindlebeni Zami Zokuzwa

Intengo kanye nokuxhaswa Kwezezimali

Ukunzwa Kwezinsizakalo Nokunakekelwa